Red Deer (Cervus elaphus)

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The Red deer is the largest land animal in the UK. The species was extinct across much of England, Wales and lowland Scotland by the late 1700s owing to deforestation and human disturbance.

Red deer population subsequently increased in Scotland because of the stalking interest. It can cause considerable damage to forestry and, to a lesser extent, agricultural crops.

The rut is from mid-September to mid-October. Peak times of activity are at dawn and dusk. In the Highlands of Scotland, Red deer use the open hills during the day and descend to lower ground during the night.

The Red deer’s traditional stronghold is in Scotland, particularly the Highlands, the South-West and the major islands. The estimated Red deer population in Scotland is between 350,000 and 400,000.

 

Facts about Red Deer

Adult sizeUp to 190 kg , 107cm-122cm at shoulder
ColorationReddish brown in summer, in winter brown to grey
AntlersBranched – up to 16 points
Social groupsMainly solitary, same sex groups occurs in Highlands
OffspringOne calf born mid-May / mid-July
HabitatWoodland and forest, open moor and hill
FeedingGrazers and dwarf shrubs e.g. Heather and Bilberry

SIKA Deer (Cervus Nippon)

The Sika deer is a non-native deer species in the UK. Sika deer originates from Japan and mainland Eastern Asia and was introduced in the mid-17th century. The Sika deer is a medium-sized deer – between a Roe and a Red deer. Sika and Red deer may hybridise. The rut is in late-September to end…

Fallow Deer (Dama dama)

The Fallow deer went extinct in Britain during the last Ice Age, and was re-established by the Normans in the 11th century. Non-native but considered naturalised. The Fallow deer prefers mature broadleaved or mixed woodlands. The rut is from late-September to mid-October. Peak times of activity are at dawn and dusk. In Scotland, it occurs…

Red Deer (Cervus elaphus)

The Red deer is the largest land animal in the UK. The species was extinct across much of England, Wales and lowland Scotland by the late 1700s owing to deforestation and human disturbance. Red deer population subsequently increased in Scotland because of the stalking interest. It can cause considerable damage to forestry and, to a…

Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus)

The Roe deer is the smallest native British deer. It was close to extinction some 300 years ago and still localised a century ago. A reintroduction program has steadily expanded Roe deer range since the 1960s. In some areas, Roe deer are seen as pest because of damage to agriculture and forestry. The rut (mating…