Category Archives: Species Type

SIKA Deer (Cervus Nippon)


The Sika deer is a non-native deer species in the UK. Sika deer originates from Japan and mainland Eastern Asia and was introduced in the mid-17th century.

The Sika deer is a medium-sized deer – between a Roe and a Red deer. Sika and Red deer may hybridise.

The rut is in late-September to end of October. In Scotland, the Sika deer can be found in the North and the West. The numbers are estimated to be less than 10,000.


Facts about Sika Deer

Adult SizeUp to 70 kg male and 45kg for females, 60-120 cm at shoulder
ColorationSimilar to Fallow deer but with a dark dorsal stripe. Brownish with white spots in the summer, dark grey/black in the winter
AntlersMaximum of 8 points, widely spaced with main antler beams at 45 degrees
Social GroupsSmall groups of hinds, yearlings and calves. Some groups with younger stags
OffspringOne single calf usually in June/July but can be later
HabitatHeartland, Upland, Moorland, Coniferous, Mixed, Deciduous woodlands
FeedingGrass, leaves, shoots, and twigs. They also eat many woody types of plants

Fallow Deer (Dama dama)

The Fallow deer went extinct in Britain during the last Ice Age, and was re-established by the Normans in the 11th century. Non-native but considered naturalised. The Fallow deer prefers mature broadleaved or mixed woodlands. The rut is from late-September to mid-October. Peak times of activity are at dawn and dusk. In Scotland, it occurs… Continue Reading

Red Deer (Cervus elaphus)

The Red deer is the largest land animal in the UK. The species was extinct across much of England, Wales and lowland Scotland by the late 1700s owing to deforestation and human disturbance. Red deer population subsequently increased in Scotland because of the stalking interest. It can cause considerable damage to forestry and, to a… Continue Reading

Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus)

The Roe deer is the smallest native British deer. It was close to extinction some 300 years ago and still localised a century ago. A reintroduction program has steadily expanded Roe deer range since the 1960s. In some areas, Roe deer are seen as pest because of damage to agriculture and forestry. The rut (mating… Continue Reading